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The historians discovered and which is now believed and amply proved by many that, Ancient Sindhuo Civilization, which was located in Sindhu river basin, the present day North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan as ancient Dravidian Civilization of India. The city of Ambala may possibly hold the key to unlock the secret of migration of Ambalakarars from Sindhu – Sarswati river basin to Central India and then to South India. They seemed to be the people of Indo-Dravidian & then Indo-Aryan descent who declared themselves as Aryans as they migrated to South India. The most believed reason for initial migration being ---- the Vedic Sarasvati River finally stopped flowing, when the Sutlej and the upper Yamuna changed their courses and dried up in the Thar Desert.

 

It is noted in the Vedas too and the latter Aryans folks had come into the Punjab from Central Asia at different times and are of Iranic background, such as Scythians (Sakas).The roots of Kalachuris are from Indo-Aryan kings (Ancient Indian tribal kings marrying into Aryans Kings/ Aryan kshatriyas of Indus valley Civilasation) of Kalachuris of Central India with religious favouritism to Jainism & Shaivism. The hatred between the Aryan Brahmins and Aryan Kshatriyas of Indo- Aryan Civilasation ( Indus valley civilasation) not only created a " Great Divide " among the two groups of Aryan people but also gave birth to creation of a new generation of hybrid Indo-Aryan kings along with new religions such as Jainism and Buddhism

 

The Aryan kshatriyas, who suffered a humiliating defeat under the leadership of Sahasrarjuna and subsequent mass annihilation at the hands of Aryan Brahmin priests for 21 times under the leadership of Parasurama, seems to have realised the value of Ahimsa for the first time in their life and included non-violence as one of the main and fundamental principles, and taken a drastic and extreme step to establish a new religion named JAINISM for themselves to break away from their Brahmin blood brothers. Rishabhdev, the first Teerthankar himself taught the martial art to the people. Bharat, the eldest son of Rishabhdev was the first Chakravarti (Emperor) of the then known world. To become the Chakravarti, he won all the kingdoms of that time. Bhaarat, the popular and constitutional name of India is because of this Bharat. All the Jain and Hindu religious literature confirms this fact. Four of the 24 teerthankars also were chakravartis.

The founder of this Bijjala family was Soma, who was a disciple of Ashwathama (the heroic character of the Mahabharata). According to legends, he grew a beard and a moustache to conceal his visage, in a bid to escape the wrath of the fiery Parashurama . Thereafter his family and kinsmen came to be known as Kalachuris “Kalli meaning a long moustache and churi meaning a sharp knife ’’. However, the later records of the dynasty claim that they descended from Brahma, the Creator, who was followed by Atri and Soma (moon), and that in this illustrious lineage came such celebrities like Yadu, Haihaya and Kartavirya Arjuna. They are also identified as Haihayas (Chedi) family.

 

Kalachuri (Sanskrit,Kannada and Telugu) is this the name used by two kingdoms who had a succession of dynasties from the 6th to 14th centuries, one ruling over areas in Central India (west Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan) and were called Chedi or Haihaya /Heyheya (Northern Kingdom). Northern Kalachuri family ruled in central India with its base at the ancient city of Tripuri /Tewar  (Outskirts of present day Jabalpur); they mainly ruled over Malwa, Gujarat Chattisgarh, Orissa and Maharastra, were the supporters of Jainism, originated in the 6th century, expanded significantly in the 11th century, and declined in the 14th century.

 

The Kalachuris of the South were patronizing Jains and Sivaites in their kingdom. Southern Kalachuri  ruled over parts of Karnataka/ Andhras/Tamilnadu/Kerla. They were disparately placed in time and space, apart from the same dynastic name and a common ancestry of the Northern kalachuris, made Magaliveda or Mangalavedhe/Mangalavada their headquarters. They called themselves Kalanjarapuravaradhisvara, which indicates their Central Indian origin. Their emblem was Suvarna Vrishabha or the golden bull. They started in the South as feudatories of the Chalukyas of Kalyani. Historians have also pointed out that several Kalachuri kings of not only Southern branch but also Northern Kalachuri kings were related to Chalukyas and Rashtrakutas by matrimonial alliances and had ruled from places like Tripuri, Gorakhpur, Ratnapur, Rajpur.

 

The origin of later Kalachuri kings was Madhya Pradesh. They  were spread in Chattisgarh, Orissa, Maharastra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Basically, the Kalchuri kings of M.P were the supporters of Jainism. Jainism flourished after their reaching the Tamil country (Tamilnadu, Karnataka and Kerala). The influence of Jainism during reign of Kalchuri Kings of Kalyani was perceptible. The prominent King Vijjala-Bijjala/Bijjaladeva of this clan was a king of great religious tolerance also known as "Mahabhujabalachakravarti  and known to the Jains as King Kousikadu” and his several statesmen had adopted Jainism. Rechmayya, the Minister of Kalachuri State set up the image of Tirthankar Shantinath at Shravanabelagola. This Kalchuri King Bijjala of Kalyani also patronised Sivaism through his Finance Minister Basavaraja leading to the establishment of Veerssaiva Sect in Kanataka and Andhra areas. Bijjala army generals and most of their troops were  Vaishnavites , this lead to a continuous friction between the top functionaries especially during the Prime Ministership of Basavaraja. During the Bijjala time and latter his descendents constructed various Vaishnative temples, now known as Keshavaswamy temples in Andhra Pradesh and  Karnataka.

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